The NIH has a review that is double of applications, the GAO report explains. The first level of review occurs in committees with members who have expertise in the subject of the application. More than 40,000 applications are submitted into the NIH each year, and each committee (there are about 100, with 18 to 20 members per committee) reviews up to 100 applications. The agency usually follows the recommendations of the committee in approving grant applications. Then there’s a second standard of review, by an advisory council, consisting of external scientists and lay people in most people, including patient-group advocates and also the clergy. Peer breakdown of continuing grants occur in the same time as new projects.
National Science Foundation peer article on grants
The National Science Foundation uses the concept of merit included in its review that is peer process the GAO report says. Experts in the field review grant applications submitted to NSF and determine in the event that proposals meet certain criteria, including the intellectual merit regarding the proposed activity, such as its importance in advancing knowledge; the qualifications associated with the proposing scientist; additionally the extent to which the project is creative and original. The criteria also inquire about the broader impacts regarding the proposal, including how it advances discovery while promoting teaching, and exactly how it benefits society. Leggi tutto “The National Institutes of Health peer post on grants”